Paper Code: 
Max. Marks: 


  • Design and conduct experiments, using a broad variety of experimental techniques, and interpret the data obtained to draw conclusions about whether the results do or do not support a hypothesis being tested and whether the experimental design was appropriate.
  • Work collaboratively with other students and with faculty, understanding that most scientific knowledge/conclusions draw(s) on multiple sources of data and multiple experimental approaches.
  • Learn “best approaches” for conducting experiments including laboratory safety, data replication and quality control, record keeping, and other aspects of “responsible conduct of research”.
  • Gain familiarity with an area of science such that the students can present their work to a professional audience and also discuss their work with a general audience.
  • Develop problem solving skills and analytical thinking skills.

Animal Diversity I & II

Study of museum specimens and slides:

Protozoa :Paramecium(WM), Binary fission, Conjugation, Entamoeba, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium, Monocystis), Opalina, Vorticella, Balantidium (Rectal Ciliate, Nyctotherus(Rectal Ciliate), Euglena, Giardia, Elphidium


Porifera:Sycon L.S & T.S, Sponge spicules, Sponginfibres

Leucosolenia, Euplectella, Spongilla.

Coelentrata: Hydra, Obelia(polyp), Aurelia, Sea anemone, Gorgonia, Physalia, Vellela, Alcyonium, Millepora, Pennatula


Platyhelminthes: Planaria, Fasciola,Taenia-- Scolex, Gravid proglottid,Fasicola hepatica and its Larval Forms


Aschelminthes:Ascaris(Male & Female), Dracunculus, Wuchereria, Hook Worm


Any  one animal from Minor Phyla: Ctenophora, Rotifera, Onychophora

Cell Biology

Fixation and staining:

Fixatives:- Carnoys, Bouins, formalin

Stains:- Acetocarmine,Acetorcein, Eosin,  Haematoxylin


Double & Single staining :

Staining of Euglena,Hydra,Obelia,Foraminiferousshell,Spongespicules,Spongegemmules,Sponginfibre


   Mitosis- Onion root tip (Temporary Slide preparation)

   Meiosis- (Study of Permanent slides)


  • Identification of lipids, proteins & Carbohydrates in the given sample
  • Identification of different kinds of mono, di & polysaccharides in the given sample
  • Quantitative analysis of cholesterol and glycogen using colorimeter
  • Separation of Dyes by circular paper chromatography method
  • Analysis of enzymatic activity                       

Liver Catalase

Essential Readings: 

Suggested reading:

  • Pechenik, J.A. Biology of Invertebrates,TataMc-Graw Hill Ltd, New Delhi.
  • Jordon, E.L., Verma P.S. Invertebrate Zoology, S Chand and Co.
  • Practical Zoology, Invertebrates, Lal, S.S. Rastogi Publications, Meerut
  • Practical Zoology, Invertebrates ,Kohli,K.S.,Ansari, A.S. Ramesh Book Depot, New Delhi.
  • Laboratory manual in Invertebrate & Experimental Zoology, Jacob Vyas Ramesh Book Depot, New Delhi.
  • Biology of Animals. C.P. Hickmann,  L.S. Roberts and A. Larson. McGraw Hill Company, New York.
  • Standard methods of biochemical analysis.Thimmaiah, S.R. KalyaniPublishers,Noida
  • Practical Zoology, Jacob,D. Ramesh Book Depot, Jaipur.
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