Paper Code: 
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
Course objectives:  
This course will enable the students to - 
1. Analyze water and soil quality 
2. Examine Leaf area index and dust holding capacity 
3. Study the behavior of selected birds and animals 
4. Gain knowledge about adaptive features, serial homology, analogy and homology 
Course Outcomes (COs):  


Learning outcomes 

(at course level)

Learning and  teaching strategies

Assessment  Strategies 



Paper Title

ZOL 615 


Students will 

CO 122: Appraise water and soil  quality 

CO 123: Judge general behaviour of  various animals 

CO 124: Explore about adaptive  modification in animals 

CO 125: Evaluate leaf area index and  dust holding capacity 

The approach in  teaching: 

Interactive Lectures,  Discussion, Tutorials,  Reading assignments,  Demonstration, the  performance of  exercises  

Learning activities for  the students: 

Self learning  assignments, Group  discussions, Model and  chart preparation,  Practical skills and  laboratory reports,

Practical skills  and laboratory  reports 

Viva voce  examinations

General behaviour of Tribolium (Food preference, light Response)  
General behaviour of Earthworm, learning in mice( hole board maze and open field maze) To be given as Project 
● Ant social behaviour 
● General behaviour of commonly found animals (Locust, Passer, Koel, Pigeon, Humming  bird, Peacock, Weaver bird, Squirrel, Dog, Deer, Monkey) 
To be given as Project 
● Adaptive modification in feet and beak in birds 
● Analogy and Homology 
● Serial homology  
Environmental Pollution and Conservation & Ecology-
● Water Evaluation Analysis: total hardness, total solid, BOD, Acidity, Alkalinity, Free  CO2,Dissolved oxygen, Chlorine
● Soil Analysis: Organic matter, Bulk density, Water holding capacity, moisture content in soil.
● Leaf area index, Dust holding capacity of leaves 
Preparation of Report: Sanctuary/National Park. 
Essential Readings: 
● Animal Behaviour; Mathur, R.; Rastogi Publications, Meerut Introduction to evolution; Moody.
●  An introduction to behaviour; Manning, A & Dawkins, M. S.; Cambridge Low Price Edition. UK.
● P.D. Sharma, Ecology & Environment Rastogi Publications. 
● Biostatistics; Gupta, S.P. Sultan Chand &Co. 
● Fundamentals of ecology; Odum, E.P.; W.B.Saunders, New Delhi.  
● Animal Behaviour, David McFarland, Pitman Publishing Ltd, London, UK. 
● Animal Behaviour, John Alcock, Sinauer Assoc. Inc. USA. 
● Genetics and Origin of Species. Dobzhansky, Th., F.J.Alaya, G.L.Stebbins and J.M.Valentine.  Surjeet Publication, Delhi.
● Ecology and Field Biology, Robert L Smith, Harper CollinsPub, New York. 
● Textbook of Ecology, G.T. Miller and S. Spoolman, Brookes Cole, England. 
● Bencroft, H. Introduction to Biostatistics Harper and Row. New York, 1957. 
● Bailey, N.T.J. Statistical method in Biology Low Priced Text Book English Language  Society, London, 1959. 
● Dunn. O J., Basic Statistics: A Primer for Biomedical Science John Wiley & Sons. Inc.  New York, 1964.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Academic Year: