Paper Code: 
ZOL 324
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
Course objectives:
This course will enable the students to -
  1. Design and conduct experiments, using a broad variety of experimental techniques, and interpret the data obtained to draw conclusions about whether the results do or do not support a hypothesis being tested and whether the experimental design was appropriate.
  2. Learn “best approaches” for conducting experiments including laboratory safety, data replication and quality control, record keeping, and other aspects of “responsible conduct of research”.
  3. Gain familiarity with an area of science such that the students can present their work to a professional audience and also discuss their work with a general audience.
  4. Establish problem solving skills and analytical thinking skills.
Course Outcomes (COs): 


Learning outcomes

(at course level)

Learning and teaching strategies

Assessment Strategies

Paper Code

Paper Title

ZOL 324


Students will –

CO92: Design and conduct experiments, using a broad variety of experimental techniques.

CO93:  Conclude the data obtained and explore whether the results do or do not support a hypothesis being tested.

CO94:  Inspect and correlate different laboratory specimens of vertebrates based on their external features and appearance and their categorical relation with various classes

CO95: Master to retrieve information from biological databases along with the submission of sequences into the databases using BLAST & FASTA

CO96:Validate of data using proper statistical methods.

Approach in teaching:

Interactive Lectures, Discussion, Tutorials, Reading assignments, Demonstration, Team teaching


Learning activities for the students:

Self-learning assignments, Effective questions, Simulation, Seminar presentation, Giving tasks, Field practical


Class test

Semester end examinations,




Surprise test

Open book test


Herdmania, Botryllus, Pyrosoma, Doliolum, Salpa, Oikopleura Class- Pisces Rhinobatus,Chimaera,Acipensor,Amia,Notopterus,Exocoetus, Echeneis,Diodon,Triacanthus, Trichurius, Mastacembalus
Class Amphibia
Ichythophis, Ambyostoma, Rhacophorus, YeganophRana
Class- Reptilia
Chelone, Phyronosoma, Chameleon, Draco,   Naja, Bungarus, Viper, Alligator 
Class-Aves-Koel (male & female),Indian tailor bird, Kite, JungleFowl, Peacock,Emu,Ostrich,Penguin,GreatIndianBustard, Siberian Crane,  Archeopteryx
Class- Mammalia Loris,IndianOtter,Bat,Pangolin,Ornithorhyncus, Kangaroo Whale(any aquatic mammal),Rhesus monkey,Chinkara,Lion
Skull, Vertebrae, Pectoral & pelvic girdle, Limb bones
Scoliodon ( Demonstration Only)-
Afferent, Efferent Blood vessels
Eye Muscles
Internal Ears
Cranial nerves
Arterial System
Venous System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Reproductive System
Computer Applications
Exercise Related to Ms-Word.
Exercise Related to Ms-PowerPoint
Exercise Related to Ms-Excel
Exercise Related to DOS
Exercise Related to Unix
Exercise Related to Multimedia
Exercise Related to Web Access
Exercise Related to HTML
Exercise Related to HTTP
Quantitative Biology
Preparation of frequency tables and graphs manually and with help of computers.
Calculation of standard deviation, variance and standard error of the mean.
Calculation of Probability and significance between means using t-test and ANOVA test.
Chi square test for independence of attributes
Coefficient correlation and regression.
(As per the theory paper)
Essential Readings: 
The life of Vertebrates; Young J.Z.; Oxford University Press. Oxford.
Colbert’s evolution of the vertebrates; Colbert E.H; John Willey and Sons.
Modern text book of Zoology-Vertebrates; Kotpal R. L.; Rastogi Publications.
Molecular Modeling for Beginners - by Alan Hinchliffe
Molecular Modeling and Simulation - by Tamar Schlick
Molecular Modeling - by Warren J. Hehre
Naveen Prakash, Introduction to Database Management Systems, Tata McGraw Hill.
Statistical Methods, S.P.Gupta, Sultan Chand and Co.
Introduction to Bioinformatics, RiskA.M., Oxford University Press.
Basic Statistics; B.L Aggarwal, New Age innovations Pvt ltd.
Mathematics by R.D.Sharma (XI & XII)
Academic Year: