Molecular Biology

Paper Code: 
ZOL 213
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 

Chromosomes: Morphology, Chromonema, Chromomeres, Telomeres, Primary & secondary constrictions, Chromatids

Chromosome type- Polytene & Lampbrush


Chromosomal Organization: Euchromatin, Heterochromatin , Nucleosome concept


Nucleosides, Nucleotides


DNA structure(A, B, Z type)



Replication of prokaryotes (Semi-conservative mechanism: Experiments of Messelson & Stahl )

Prokaryotic Polymerases, Topoisomerases, Single stranded binding protein, Replication forks(Unidirectional & Bidirectional), Leading & lagging strand, RNA primers & Okazaki fragments


Brief Idea of Eukaryotic Replication



Prokaryotic Transcription: RNA Polymerases, Transcription factors.

  • Transcription termination
  • Mechanism of transcription
  • Post Transcriptional modification in RNA: Capping; Polyadenylation and splicing



Genetic Code

Prokaryotic translation

Translational Machinery

Translational Initiation, Elongation and termination


Essential Readings: 
  • Becker, W.M., Kleinsmith, L.J., Hardin. J. and Bertoni, G. P. (2009). The World of the Cell. VII Edition. Pearson Benjamin Cummings Publishing, San
  • Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts,
  • Peter Walter: Molecular Biology of the Cell, IV Edition.
  • Cooper G. M. and Robert E. Hausman R. E. The Cell: A Molecular Approach, V Edition, ASM Press and Sinauer Associates.
  • De Robertis, E.D.P. and De Robertis, E.M.F. (2006). Cell and Molecular Biology. VIII Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.
  • Karp, G. (2010) Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts and Experiments. VI Edition. John Wiley and Sons. Inc.
  • Lewin B. (2008). Gene XI, Jones and Bartlett
  • McLennan A., Bates A., Turner, P. and White M. (2015). Molecular Biology IV Edition. GS, Taylor and Francis Group, New York and London.
  • Molecular Biology of the gene; Watson J.D.; Benzamin/ Cummings.
  • Molecular Cell biology (2nd Edition) J. Darnell, H. Lodish and D.Baltimore, Scientific American Books,USA,1994.
  • Cell & Molecular Biology, (8th edition), E D P Roberties & E M F Roberties,  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005
  • Cell and Molecular Biology, (3rd edition), P Sheeler and D E Bianchi, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1987
  • The cell. A Molecular Approach, (4th edition), G H Cooper and R E Hausman, ASM Press, 2007
Academic Year: