Paper Code: 
ZOL 502
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
Unit I: 

Brief introduction to the history of Microbiology

  • Work of Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
  • Work of Louis Pasteur, John Tyndall, Robert Koch & Jenner

Prokaryota (Bacteria)

  • Size, shape & pattern of arrangement
  • Structural Organization—Slime layer(Capsule) Cell envelope, Cytoplasmic membrane(Inner membrane), Cell wall(Outer membrane) of gram-ve & gram +ve bacteria, Mesosomes; Cytoplasmic organization, Cell projections- Flagella & pili
Unit II: 

Genetic material of bacteria: Chromosomes, Plasmids, Replication of bacterial DNA Reproduction in Bacteria: Asexual reproduction: Binary fission, budding, Endospore formation& cyst formation & transformation, Conjugation

Transduction  & Bacterial recombination

Unit III: 

Microbial nutrition culture of Bacteria

  • Carbon & energy source
  • Nitrogen & minerals
  • Organic growth factors
  • Microbial growth
  • Environmental factors: Temperature, Hydrogen ion concentration
Unit IV: 

Bacteria of medical importance:

Gram +ve:

  • Cocci : Staphylococci, Streptococci
  • Bacilli: Diptheria, Tetanus

Gram –ve:

  • Cocci: Gonnorrhea, Meningitis
  • Bacilli: Diarrhoea

Mycobacteria: Tuberclosis

Hepatitis (with emphasis on B type)

The causative agents, Transmission, Pathogenicity, Laboratory diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Unit V: 

Cyanobacteria (Structural organization and significance),

Yeast- industrial application

Virus classification, Lytic & Lysogenic cycles

Essential Readings: 


  • Microbial:T.Stuart Walker,W.B.Saunders Company
  • Microbiological Application,Alfred E.Brown,McGraw.Hill
  • Practical Biochemistry:Principles &Techniques; Keith Wilson& John Walker;Cambridge University Press.
  • Lechiman, W.Microbiology, Glenced Pub1. Co. New York
  • Nestler, R.L. Microbiology, W.S. Saunders, Philadelphia (Student edition:Holt-Saunders International Edition, Tokyo).
  • Salle,S.J. Fundamental Principles of Bacteriology,Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub. Co., New Delhi.
  • Stonier, T.I. Nouderroff, and Adeloverg, E.A. General Microbiology.
  • Jaceb D. Avum Vyas A.D.K. Parichayak suchmjeev vigyan, Ramesh Book Depot,Jaipur
  • Jacob D.Introductory Microbiology,Ramesh Book Depot,Jaipur.
  • Cruick shank et al. Medical Microbiology.The English Language Book Society,London.
  • P.D. Sharma, Microbiology, Rastogi and Company, Merrut.
  • David Freifelder-Molecular Biology, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
Academic Year: