Ethology And Evolution

Paper Code: 
ZOL 601
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
Unit I: 
  • Chemical origin of Life
  • Lamarckism & Darwinism
  • Neo- Lamarckism & Neo-Darwinism
  • Elementary idea of Hardy-Weinberg Law(Factor affecting)
Unit II: 
  • Variation
  • Isolation and Speciation
  • Adaptations

Fossils, Geological division of the Earth crust, imperfection of fossil record

Unit III: 
  • Zoogeographical distribution: Principal zoogeographical regions of the world with reference to their   mammalian fauna
  • Continental drift
  • Study of Extinct forms: Dinosaurs, Archaeopteryx
Unit IV: 
  • Introduction of Ethology (Contribution of Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, Karl Von Frisch)
  • Concept of Ethology: Fixed action pattern, Sign stimulus, Innate releasing mechanism, Action specific energy, motivation, imprinting & learning
Unit V: 
  • Methods of studying brain behaviour(Laboratory): Neuroanatomical, Neurophysiological, Neurochemical techniques


  • Societies: Characteristics & advantages
  • Social behavior of Ants, Birds, Monkeys and Lion
  • Elementary idea of role of Pheromones


Essential Readings: 


  • An introduction to behaviour; Manning, A & Dawkins, M. S.; Cambridge Low Price Edition. UK.
  • Animal Behaviour, David McFarland, Pitman Publishing Ltd, London, UK.
  • Animal Behaviour, John Alcock, Sinaeur Assoc. Inc. USA.
  • Animal Behaviour; Mathur, R.; Rastogi Publications, Meerut Introduction to evolution; Moody.
  • Genetics and Origin of Speices. Dohnzhansky, Th., F.J. Alaya, G.L. Stebbines and J.M.Valentine. Surjeet Publication, Delhi.
  • Evolutinary Biology, Futuyamma, D.J. Suinuauer Associates, INC Publishers, Sunderland. 
  • Evolution, Barton et al., Cold Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, USA.
  • Evolution, Hall, B. K. and Hallgrimsson, James and Bartlett Publisher, Sudbury, USA.
  • Exploring Animal Behaviour, Paul, W. Sherman and John Alcock, Sinaeur Assoc. Inc, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Genes and Evolution. Jha A.P.John Publication, New Delhi
  • Evolution and Genetics Merral, D.J. Holt, Rinchart and Winston, Inc.
  • Evolutinary Genetics. Smith,J. M. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Evolution. Strikberger, M.W. Jones and Barlett Publishers, Boston London chordates
  • Evolution, V.B.Rastogi, Kedar Nath, Ram Nath, Merrut.


Academic Year: