Cancer And Radiation Biology I

Paper Code: 
ZOL 323A
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
Unit I: 
Unit I
Introduction : Cancer as a cellular disease.
  • Historical perspective.
  • Cancer causation.
  • Cancer treatment.
  • Death due to cancer.

 Occurrence of cancer.

  • Present day status of cancer in India.
  • Status of cancer occurrence in different parts of the world.
  • Cancer of different sex.
  • Cancer of different age groups.

Tumor classification.

  • Benign and malignant tumors.
  • Sarcoma, carcinoma.
  • Leukemia and lymphoma.
  • Ascites tumors.
  • Teratocarcinoma.


Unit II: 
Unit II

Staging and grading of cancer.

  • In vitro cell transformation.
  • Apoptosis

Cancer cell :

  • Structural and ultrastructural profiles.
  • Biochemical properties.
  • Behavior properties.

Genetic basis of cancer :

  • Basic concepts of cancer genetics.
  • Relationship between cancer incidence and age.
  • Cellular and genetic basis of cancer.
  • Types of genetic risk factor for cancer.
  • Chromosomal abnormalities in tumor.
  • Heritable cancer and tumor suppressor.


  • Introduction.
  • Detection of oncogenes in human cancer cells,.
  • Activation of oncogenes.
  • Antioncogenes
Unit III: 
Unit III

Cancer cell growth patterns and cell kinetics :

  • Tumor growth.
  • Cell cycle.
  • Cell proliferation in tumor tissue.
  • Experimental tumor.
  • Human tumors.
  • Cell proliferation, prognosis and therapies.
  • Cell proliferation, prognosis and therapies.


  • Introduction.
  • Metastatic process.
  • Metastatic ability of tumor cell population.
  • Properties of metastatic cell.
  • Genetic basis of metastasis.
Unit IV: 
Unit IV

Introduction to radiation

  • Types – ionizing and non-ionizing
  • Sources- Natural andManmade
  • Radiation dosimetry



Radiolysis of water.

  • Hydrogen peroxide formation.
  • Reactions in aqueous organic solutions.
  • Direct and indirect effects.
  • Oxygen effect.
Unit V: 
Unit V`

Cellular radiobiology.

  • Survival curves.
  • Radiosensitivity of cell cycle phases.
  • Factors influencing radio sensitivity  (oxygen effect chemical modifiers).

Cytogenetic effects of radiation.

  • Chromosomal aberrations.
  • Micronuclei induction.
  • Radiation mutations.
Academic Year: